Today's Quilt Historians
Women at Work
New Pathways into Quilt History written by Kimberly Wulfert,
RUG MAKING TERMS
from Tracy Jamar
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FEW LOOPS OF HOOKED RUG HISTORY,
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Rug Information Sources.
Hooking: pulling a strip of fabric or yarn
up through an open weave foundation by means of a rug hook. It is worked with
the front of the piece facing the maker and the strip being pulled from
underneath. May be clipped or left looped.
Yarn Sewn: using yarn threaded through a needle and sewn in running
stitches leaving a loop of yarn on the front of a closely woven foundation.
Sometimes a reed may be used to regulate the height of the loops. May be clipped
or left looped.
Shirring: fabric is folded, gathered or pleated and sewn with thread to a
closely woven foundation.
Needlepunch: using yarn that is threaded through the shaft of the
needlepunch and out the end. The needlepunch pushes the yarn through an open
weave foundation, as the punch is withdrawn and moved slightly to the next point
of insertion a loop of yarn is left on the other side. This design is worked
from the back. May be clipped or left looped.
Prodded: pieces of fabric are cut to 1/2"-3/4" by
3"-4" and by means of a proddy (wooden tool with one end tapered) a
hole is made by separating the threads of a loosely woven foundation and
inserting one end of the fabric piece. Another hole is made nearby where the
other end of the fabric piece is pushed through and the ends are evened up. This
is worked from the back. Generally these mats are very simple in design. This
technique was a way to use fabric scraps, called thrums, too small to use for
hooking, so that nothing was wasted. Today it is used as a design element to
give interest and dimension to a rug.
Latch Hook: uses yarn cut to a standard length and a latch hook that is
inserted in a coarsely woven stiff canvas and out a nearby hole. The yarn is
laid in the hook and a flange flips shut as the hook is withdrawn, pulling the
looped end of the yarn section through the holes. The shaft of the hook is then
pushed through that loop which opens the flange and the tails of the piece are
laid over the hook and drawn through the yarn loop and pulled securely. Rya and
shag rugs are made with this technique.
Sculpted or Waldoboro: the surface of the finished piece is cut so that some
areas stand in higher relief than the surrounding area. To do this loops must be
hooked much higher than would be standard if the rug were not to be sculpted.
Tracy Jamar has been restoring quilts and hooked
rugs since 1979. Jamar has been designing and making hooked rugs since 1994 and
lives in NYC, 250 Riverside Dr. NY, NY 10025 212.866.6426 email@example.com
Hooked Rugs History and Patterns
© 2004 - 2016 Kimberly Wulfert, PhD. Absolutely no copies, reprints, use
of photos or text are permitted for commercial or online use. One personal copy for study purposes is permitted.
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